Dr. Walt Grunden recently presented at a conference commemorating the 100th anniversary of the use of chemical weapons in Belgium, conducted by the Max Planck Institute in Berlin. Grunden presented “No Retaliation in Kind: Japanese Chemical Weapons Policy in China and the Pacific,” on Japan’s use of chemical weapons against the Chinese in World War II. He examined interviews related to the Tokyo Trials of General Hideki Tojo and two other generals who had authorized widespread use primarily of “sneezing gas” similar to tear gas, plus mustard and other gases in Japan’s battles against the Chinese when the Chinese outnumbered or were beating them.
For more on Dr. Grunden’s presentation, and an interview conducted by the BGSU News, please visit: http://www.bgsu.edu/news/2015/06/chemical-weapons.html. For more on Dr. Grunden’s research and teaching, visit his faculty page.