Another amazing bgsu blog

Archive for August, 2013

Research Performance Progress Report for January-June 2013

without comments


The purpose of the research project is to promote police integrity by gaining a better understanding of police crime and agency responses to officer arrests. The study provides a wealth of data on a phenomena that relates directly to police integrity—data that police executives have not previously had access to because this information did not exist in any useable format.

In the previous reporting period we substantially completed tasks 1-6 100% complete, task 7 was 15% complete, and task 11 was ongoing. We have since revised the project timeline on July 3, 2013, in conjunction with filing a request for a one-time six-month no-cost extension. Under the revised project timeline, tasks 1-4 are 100% complete, task 5 is 95% complete, task 6 is 75% complete, task 7 is 86.5% complete, task 10 is 82% complete, task 11 is ongoing, and task 12 is 15% complete. Tasks 8, 9, 13, 14, 15, and 16 have not yet been undertaken

As of the close of business on June 30, 2013, a total of 8,154 police crime arrest cases involving 6,853 individual officers have been logged in our integrated relational and digital imaging database. The arrested officers were employed by 2,903 nonfederal law enforcement agencies, in 1,339 counties and independent cities in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Of these, 6,658 cases involve 5,552 individual officers arrested for one or more crimes during the time period of January 1, 2005, through December 31, 2011 (1,073 arrest cases logged in were for officers arrested during the year 2012, and 423 arrest cases logged in were for officers arrested during 2013). Prior to January 1, 2013, there were 7,383 police crime arrest cases (involving 6,317 individual sworn law enforcement officers) that had previously been logged in our database. Thus, during this reporting period we added 771 new police crime arrest cases and 536 more sworn officers to our database (including 221 new cases involving 72 individual officers who were arrested during the years 2005-2011). In sum, during this reporting period, we expanded our database of known police crime arrest cases by 9.4% overall (an increase of 3.3% for the study years 2005-2011 arrest cases).

We continue to make enhancements to our project database, which utilizes an enterprise-level content management system, OnBase. Our project database now includes fully integrated digital imaging database with full-text OCR search capabilities, relational database, and video file database libraries. The integrated relational and digital imaging database includes electronic case log-in procedures and allows us to structure and search data in different ways for content analyses. During this reporting period we continued software integration with the project database.  We deployed a PC-based on-screen coding instrument using customized IBM/SPSS Data Collection/Data Entry Author/Interviewer modules. The new coding instrument system pulls information from the relational database into the coding instrument for each case to be coded, thus reducing coder duplication of effort and potential for coding errors. Beta testing and training on the IBM/SPSS coding instrument modules was completed in February 2013, and the product was fully deployed in March 2013. We also added a news media video file library database, and deployed a customized video document import processor (DIP) to electronically import and index video mp4 files that are cross-referenced with our enhanced relational database. The addition of the video files database allows us to triangulate data obtained from television news sources as a supplement to our other database libraries. We occasionally encounter programming and other technology-related problems. In the previous reporting period we successfully implemented a customized DIP to electronically import and index federal court PACER records into our OnBase project database. The PACER DIP ceased to operate several months ago and we are awaiting a fix for a computer programming issue from our university’s ITS department.

The digital imaging database includes 169,315 scanned pages of digital images, consisting of 16,863 TIFF case document files, 15,509 TIFF coding sheet document files, and 5,135 PDF PACER document files. Of these, 17,309 pages were added since January 1, 2013, consisting of 3,681 case document files and 4,127 coding sheet document files, and 3 PACER document files. The PACER files consist of 69,855 pages of federal court docket sheets, pleadings, court orders, and other docket entries. Additional PACER files are currently in queue to be electronically imported into and indexed in our OnBase project database using our customized automated PACER DIP when it is repaired. The new video database currently includes 868 news media mp4 video files.

In sum, our enhanced content management system database currently includes more than 170,000 pages of news articles, court records, news videos, and coding sheets that document the criminal arrests of more than 6,850 police officers since the beginning of 2005. The arrested officers were employed by nonfederal state, local, special, and tribal law enforcement agencies in all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

We continued to learn that training (and routine periodic retraining) of graduate research assistants and the process of coding the content of case file records is more time-consuming and slower than we anticipated when we developed the project timeline. Crucial to completion of the remaining project tasks is the recent implementation of our PC-based coding instrument that replaced our paper-based coding sheets in March 2013. Currently the project timeline tasks are three to six months behind our original project schedule. We recently filed a request with NIJ for a one-time six-month no cost extension and revised the project timeline for numerous project tasks.


There are three major goals of the project. The first goal of this research is to determine the nature and extent of police crime in the United States. The second goal is to determine what factors influence how a police organization responds to arrests of officers. The third and final goal of the research is to foster police integrity by exploring whether police crime and officer arrests correlate with other forms of police misconduct.


Results have been disseminated to communities of interest through the writing and publication of refereed journal articles, magazine articles, and research briefs. We also maintain a project website and blog, and produce a monthly audio podcast that is available on iTunes.

We have proactively worked to disseminate our research results to communities of interest. To that end, we have engaged in outreach activities to reach members of communities who are not usually aware of these research activities, for the purpose of enhancing public understanding and increasing interest in learning and careers in criminological research. We have published two short research-brief articles reporting our research findings in Police Chief, a practitioner-oriented magazine published by the International Association of Chiefs of Police. A third research-brief article in Police Chief is forthcoming. We also make PDF copies of one-sheet research briefs explaining our research studies and findings on our web-site and post timely project-related entries on our blog. Additionally, we distribute audio podcasts on iTunes where we discuss the research project, studies, and related findings.

The web analytic reports for the Police Integrity Lost Project Blog indicate that for the time period January 1, 2013, through June 30, 2013, there were 564 unique visitors to the blog. Traffic to the blog was primarily from the United States (89.9%) where visitors to the blog were located in 128 cities in 37 states and the District of Columbia. There were also visitors to the blog from 22 foreign countries: Philippines, Canada, United Kingdom, Jordan, Australia, Brazil, Germany, France, Japan, Netherlands, Chile, Ethiopia, Germany, Croatia, Hungary, Indonesia, India, Maldives, Nepal, and South Africa.  Traffic to the blog included direct traffic (58.7%), search traffic (31.9%), and referral traffic (9.4%).

The Police Integrity Lost Podcast is available on iTunes domestically as well as internationally, and interested persons can stream, download, and/or subscribe to the podcast audio files directly from the iTunes client application. Web analytics for the iTunes podcast episodes indicates that for this reporting period there were 619 mp3 file hits, indicating that there were 619 instances when someone either streamed (listened to) all or part of one of our podcast episodes and/or downloaded mp3 audio files. Of those hits, the largest number of requests directed to our pod server to stream and/or download the mp3 audio files during this reporting period was 132 hits for the “Drunk Driving Cops” podcast episode (Police Integrity Lost Podcast Episode 9) and 95 hits for the “Using a Content Management System” podcast episode (Police Integrity Lost Podcast Episode 10). The web analytic reports for the iTunes podcast episodes are incomplete and/or missing for January and February 2013.


Under the revised project timeline, tasks 1-4 are 100% complete, task 5 is 95% complete, task 6 is 75% complete, task 7 is 86.5% complete, task 10 is 82% complete, task  11 is ongoing, and task 12 is 15% complete. Tasks 8, 9, 13, 14, 15, and 16 have not yet been undertaken. During the next reporting period we will complete tasks 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, and will also continue making progress on tasks 11 and 12.

Currently, two research papers are under review for publication consideration at refereed journals.  One of those is a study on the nature of crime by school resource officers, and the second paper currently under review is a study exploring crime by policewomen. We are now working on three research papers studying police sexual misconduct arrests.

We present our research findings at two national conferences during the next reporting period.  On July 30, 2013, Dr. Stinson was an invited speaker at a mini-conference on police misconduct that was part of the annual conference of the American Psychological Association in Honolulu, Hawaii.  Dr. Stinson will also present findings of the project in November 2013 at the annual conference of the American Society of Criminology in Atlanta, Georgia.

We will continue to product our monthly podcast episodes for iTunes and disseminate research briefs on the various studies as completed.  The project website and blog will also be updated with new postings periodically.


The project has produced three peer-reviewed journal articles, two research brief magazine articles, six one-sheet research briefs, 12 mp3 audio podcast episodes, and eight research presentations.


On July 13, 2013, we filed a request with NIJ for a six-month no-cost extension to complete the project.  The extension is necessary to complete the project because it has taken longer than anticipated to complete the content analysis component of the research.  As noted above, earlier this year we deployed a customized computer-based coding instrument to replace the paper-based coding sheets we previously used in this project.  The new coding instrument software module has allowed us to proceed with coding more efficiently and with greater speed and reliability moving forward.  We anticipate that we will have substantially completed the coding of content and entry of data into our master SPSS data set before the end of August 2013 or soon thereafter.  During September through December 2013, we will be conducting final PACER searches, finding supplemental information to reduce missing data in the master data set, performing interrater coder reliability assessments, and conducting statistical analyses of the data.  During January through March 2014 we will continue statistical analyses and draft the final technical report for submission to NIJ on or before March 31, 2014.  A revised project timeline was submitted with the request.

Written by Phil Stinson

August 21st, 2013 at 10:18 am

Posted in Police Crime

Skip to toolbar