Category Archives: Fall 2003

Ohio Memory Project Makes History Accessible Online

March 1, 2003 marked the official start of celebrations of the 200th Anniversary of Ohio Statehood. While celebrations note the passing of the occasion, libraries and archives, museums and historical societies have joined together to create a permanent resource featuring the documents and objects that played an important role in the development of the state.

Hosted by the Ohio Historical Society, the Ohio Memory Online Scrapbook is an interactive “virtual attic” of the state’s past, including more than 25,000 images of photographs, artifacts, manuscripts, natural history specimens, and published materials. The Center for Archival Collections (CAC) of University Libraries has been recognized as one of the major contributors to this digital scrapbook, preparing background information and scanning materials from more than one hundred of its collections.

Among the CAC’s contributions are Civil War era letters of private Andrew Altman, campus activities at BGSU throughout its history, product catalogs from DeVilbiss Corporation and Garwood Industries, Vadae Meekison correspondence on the Ohio Woman Suffrage movement, and a tourism promotional pamphlet from the 1950s.

Some of the images document important milestones in Ohio’s past or the lives of famous Ohioans. Still other collections, such as prehistoric artifacts, quilts, clothing, and furniture, as well as family letters or local government records offer glimpses into everyday life.

Visitors to the electronic scrapbook can search for specific information by the name of the contributing organization, by the geographic area, or by one of five subject categories: Ohio Citizenship; Economy; People; Culture; and Environment. A brief history of each item and its place in history appears with a thumbnail view of the image. Click on the image to see a full-screen view for detailed study. Korean War era letters, for instance, not only appear as they were written, but also contain a complete transcript, as well as notes about the author.

A special feature allows users to create their own scrapbooks of their favorite images and information and to add annotations of their own. Teachers may find this feature especially useful for classroom projects, for subjects ranging from history to biology, literature, and sports.

Ohio Memory Online Scrapbook is a collaborative, statewide project managed by the Ohio Historical Society. Some 320 organizations across the state participated. Project partners include the Ohio Public Library Information Network (OPLIN), OhioLINK, the Ohio Library Council, the Information Network for Ohio Schools (INFOhio), and the Ohio Bicentennial Commission. In September the American Association for State and Local History honored the Project with its Award of Merit, the most prestigious recognition for achievement in the preservation and interpretation of state and local history. The award was initiated in 1945 to establish and encourage standards of excellence in the collection, preservation, and interpretation of state and local history throughout America.

– Lee N. McLaird, Curator of Rare Books

Book Orders Placed at Lightning Speed – Well, Almost!

The University Libraries have begun placing orders electronically with our major U.S. book vendor and books are added to the libraries’ collections faster than ever before.

In December 2002, library staff embarked on a journey into 21st century materials ordering with our major U.S. book vendor, YBP Library Services. When we first approached YBP to set up electronic ordering, they suggested that we beta test the major upgrade to their online system, Global Online Bibliographic Information, Edition 2 (GOBI2) simultaneously with setting up the electronic ordering process. We were quick to take advantage of this offer and avoid set-up on YBP’s old system and transfer to the new system. Our beta test participation gave YBP feedback on GOBI2 functionality and provided library staff the chance to learn the new procedures on the new vendor system.

Currently, book orders for scholarly U.S. publications are sent electronically to YBP. More than half — 58% — of items ordered electronically in 2002-03 were filled by YBP within 30 days; 93% of orders were filled within 60 days. By comparison, orders placed and received in 2001-2002 – when all orders were submitted on paper – arrived much more slowly. Only 8% were received within 30 days; 80% were filled within 60 days.

Electronic orders are less time-consuming for the vendor to handle since no manual order entry is needed. Furthermore, delays for processing paper orders within University Libraries are avoided by placing these orders electronically. Orders are entered directly into GOBI2 and sent electronically from GOBI2 to the library system next business day – no mail service delays. GOBI2 checks for duplication of orders with University Libraries’ purchase records and then sends an electronic file customized to create order records in the libraries’ online system. The library system again checks for duplicates as order records are added. After library staff review, unwanted duplicate orders are cancelled with YBP – electronically.

GOBI2 includes many features that assist librarians in selecting materials. Full bibliographic information and additional descriptive information are provided for each book. Tables of contents and book jacket information are also available to advise selection decisions. As librarians select books for purchase online they can also view BGSU’s and OhioLINK libraries’ purchase histories with YBP for specific titles. This information facilitates cooperative collection development within the OhioLINK consortium.

The next step is to create a means for faculty to electronically recommend books for purchase. We’re making progress on various methods for faculty to submit book purchase recommendations to librarians. When technical refinements have been completed, electronic submission of book purchase recommendations will become an option.

Linda A. Brown, Coordinator of Collections

Pick Up OhioLINK Requests at Any OhioLINK Institution

Pick-Up-Anywhere (PUA), a new OhioLINK service, premiered in July 2003. In another effort to provide efficient and effective information delivery to our users, the University Libraries have targeted the distance learner for this newest service. Anyone can use the service, however. Going to another Ohio city during Summer break? Have your OhioLINK request sent to a library near you.

The process for using PUA is quite similar to requesting an item for delivery to the local pick up site. University Libraries offer three pick up locations from which local users can choose: William T. Jerome Library, Ogg Science and Health Library, and Firelands College Library. To request delivery of OhioLINK materials to a site other than BGSU, first locate an item, as usual, in the OhioLINK central catalog. After choosing BGSU as your institution and entering your name and identification number, choose the OhioLINK institution nearest your desired location from the pull down menu. Then choose a pick up site at that institution in the second drop down menu.

When the item arrives at that institution, you can pick it up using your BGSU ID or BGSU Library Validation Card. (If you have entered your email address in your library account, you will be sent an email pick up notification.) The pick up site you chose and the progress of your request can be found in your library account. See the Libraries web page, enter your personal information as required, then click on “Request (Hold) Outstanding.” Your pick up location and status of the item is noted on that screen. Before you leave campus, make sure your library record is updated for borrowing or contact the Circulation Desk staff at if you have questions about your account.

Because every OhioLINK institution must participate by having at least one Pick Up Anywhere location to serve users, you have many options for pick up. Check the list to make sure your choice is on the list. As with most new software, some concerns have arisen. For instance, many users live near an OPAL or CONSORT Consortia institution, but do not know them by that name. To see a list of the institutions comprising each consortium, choose OPAL or CONSORT from the institution list and then look at the pull down menu of pick up sites.

If you have questions or would like to know more about the service, contact Mary Beth Zachary at or call 419-372-2054.

– Mary Beth Zachary, Head of Access Services

University Libraries Offer Access to Growing Collection of Electronic Journals Four-Millionth Article and Three New Publisher Collections Added

Finding scholarly journal articles used to be a time-consuming process involving going to the library, consulting a periodical index, and then finding the appropriate journal on the shelves. Today, the University Libraries provide immediate, electronic access to scholarly research articles through resources like the OhioLINK Electronic Journal Center (EJC). The EJC, which launched in 1998 with less than one million articles, recently expanded with the addition of the four-millionth article and three new publisher collections.

“The EJC is truly an innovative resource,” OhioLINK’s Executive Director, Tom Sanville, said.
“It is one of the largest, possibly even the largest, collection of electronic journals run by a library consortium.”

The Electronic Journal Center is a growing collection of online journals that can be searched, viewed, and printed from the user’s workstation. When the EJC debuted, it contained journal collections from two publishers. With the recent additions of Berkeley Electronic Press, Cambridge University Press, and Oxford University Press, the EJC has grown to include electronic collections from 33 journal publishers. Students, faculty, and researchers at 84 OhioLINK institutions now have access to more than 5,250 journal titles.

The University Libraries is dedicated to providing an outstanding range of information resources and services to the campus community. By working with OhioLINK to provide access to these quality research resources, the University Libraries strengthen their support of teaching, learning, and research at BGSU.

The OhioLINK Electronic Journal Center continues to be a heavily-used resource. More than 9 million articles have been downloaded statewide since 1998. The use of the service is still growing at 50% annually, with more than 3.5 million articles downloaded in the past 12 months. The EJC continues to surpass all expectations, which proves that Ohio students, faculty, and university researchers crave access to more quality scholarly research journals than their local libraries can purchase individually.

The Ohio Library and Information Network, OhioLINK, is a consortium of 83 Ohio college and university libraries and the State Library of Ohio. For more information, visit the OhioLINK web site at

adapted from OhioLINK Press Release
-Beverly J. Stearns, Director of Administrative Programs and Services, University Libraries

OhioLINK Digital Video Collection: Now More Video Access than Ever!

Nearly every day, students come to the library looking for a video to use as part of a class presentation or as an alternative way to learn about a topic. As an instructor you may be interested in documentaries or educational videos to show in one of your classes, or to include among the resources on a class web page. Another source for this type of material is now available to the campus via the OhioLINK Digital Media Center. The new Digital Video Collection complements what is already available to the BGSU community through the Television Learning Services Digital Video Streaming Service (DVSS) at WBGU.The OhioLINK Digital Video Collection contains streaming digital videos covering a wide variety of subjects from the distributor Films for the Humanities & Sciences. Videos have been added to this collection throughout the summer and fall 2003; and, as of the end of October, the initial phase is complete. The collection now includes just fewer than one thousand videos, but this is only the start. In the future, OhioLINK plans to acquire additional videos from Films for the Humanities & Sciences, as well as to cultivate new relationships with other sources for digital media. Topics such as Art & Photography, Business & Economics, Genetics, Global Issues, Health & Wellness, Literature & Language Arts, Math, Psychology, Science, and Study Skills offer just a sample of what is available.

Any member of the BGSU community – including students, faculty, and staff — as well as walk-in library users are authorized to view and download the videos in the collection while on campus. You may access the videos from any computer on campus using plug-in software from RealNetworks. The latest version is called ‘RealOne Player’ and the basic player can be downloaded free. According to OhioLINK, many older versions of Real Player should also work.

Members of the BGSU community may view and download the videos from off campus as well; you will be prompted for your name and campus ID number (aka “P00” number). If you are using a modem instead of a high-speed connection, the system will automatically deliver lower bit-rate streams. The difference in image quality will depend on the complexity of the video you are viewing and your modem speed.

Individual video titles are included in the BGSU Libraries Catalog and the OhioLINK Central Catalog, so you can search there if you have a particular title in mind. You can also search the Digital Video Collection itself, or choose to browse lists of titles or subjects.

According to the OhioLINK use policy, OhioLINK has “licensed this content to allow unlimited simultaneous users, and is committed to maintaining an infrastructure to support unlimited simultaneous use.” The video content is available for individual educational and research purposes. For more information about acceptable use of these materials, please read the OhioLINK Acceptable Use Policy.

For more information about the video collection, take a look at the answers to Frequently Asked Questions: OhioLINK Digital Video, provided by OhioLINK.

Julie Rabine, Bibliographer

A Brave New World: Using Cutting-Edge Technology to Improve Student Learning

Classroom Performance System
The Department of Library Teaching and Learning in University Libraries recently acquired eInstruction’s Classroom Performance System (CPS), a technology that allows instructors to gauge in an instant student understanding of material, that encourages lively whole-class interaction, and that captures student learning assessment data.

With CPS, instructors pose subjective or objective questions to which students respond anonymously via individual wireless response pads that look very much like a remote control for a television or DVD player. Student responses are then tabulated and displayed on the instructor’s projected workstation. Since student responses are anonymous, students are more likely to respond while instructors benefit from the immediate feedback. Instructors can tailor their lesson plans according to student needs, skipping material that students understand and devoting more time to content students need to learn.

The software also has the capability of increasing classroom interactivity. An instructor can present a question based on a specific scenario, have students weigh in with their responses, and then encourage a dialogue among students before revealing the correct answer. This feature in particular has been well received by the instruction librarians and students in classes where the software was used because of the liveliness of interaction it promotes. Instruction librarians, who tend to be guest lecturers, find it difficult to engage students in the single class period they typically have to work with a class. CPS jumpstarts active learning possibilities in these sessions.

The ability of CPS to record student responses will help the Libraries gather data about students’ information literacy skills. Instruction librarians work with students at all levels. By having students in upper-division classes respond to the same set of questions that entry-level students respond to, the Libraries can track improvement in students’ information literacy skills as well as identify areas needing improvement.

Instruction librarians piloted CPS in several classes during summer and fall semesters, and student response was favorable. In fact, in a library instruction session taught this summer for EDTL 680, the students who were primarily high school and elementary school teachers, asked for more information about CPS. They were so impressed with the technology that they wanted to explore the possibility of acquiring the technology for their own school systems.

CPS was funded for University Libraries through a collaborative OBOR Technology Initiatives Grant. An article about this grant project is available in the Spring 2002 issue of Library Newslinks. More information about CPS is available on the eInstruction website <>.

SMART Board / Laptops
The Curriculum Resource Center (CRC) is using a SMART Board during instruction sessions as a method to engage students in active learning as well as to expose pre-service Preschool – 12 educators to a new and effective classroom technology tool. The SMART Board is an interactive whiteboard that allows instruction librarians the flexibility to “control software, access and display information from the Internet, run live video from a camera, and deliver CD-ROM presentations” by touching the Board.

CRC using the SmartboardIn essence, the SMART Board becomes the instructor’s keyboard. Important points can be illustrated by writing or drawing with special pens or by using the onscreen highlighter on the touch-sensitive screen. During CRC instruction sessions presenters have used the SMART Board to demonstrate effective online catalog searching techniques, view a visual tour of the CRC via Microsoft PowerPoint, and encourage the use of education-related Internet sites or Preschool – grade 12 research databases. To learn more about the SMART Board visit and

CRC using laptops for instructionIn addition to using the SMART Board, CRC instructors have added 24 laptops and an integrated audiovisual equipment system to enhance their instructional sessions. Laptops and equipment were purchased with monies received from Board of Regents instructional equipment funds allocated through the Office of the Provost and additional funds allocated through the Office of the Chief Information Officer at BGSU. Students are actively engaged during CRC sessions by using the laptops to locate educational materials via the University Libraries online catalog, construct effective online search strategies, to identify relevant research articles and evaluate Internet sites.

– Sara Bushong, Head Librarian, Curriculum Resource Center and Cathi Cardwell, Chair, Department of Library Teaching and Learning